In order to ensure that the transformation of the energy system can be implemented successfully, strategies that are effective and gain widespread acceptance need to be identified at both the socio-political and the local level. In view of this, numerous NRP 70 and NRP 71 projects set out to directly or indirectly examine the degree of social acceptance in the context of energy supply, with respect to locations for electricity production and transmission or behavioural measures.

Buildings and Settlements

Buildings account for around 40 percent of Switzerland’s overall energy requirement. They are therefore of great importance with respect to measures to increase energy efficiency and foster the decentralised use of new renewable energy. A variety of NRP 70 and NRP 71 projects focus on these challenges at both the technological and the socio-political level.

Energy Networks

This thematic synthesis concerns the technological, ecological and social framework conditions for new, innovative energy infrastructure, plus the associated drivers and barriers. The main focus is on technical feasibility, economic viability and spatial impact.

Hydropower and Market

Hydropower is by far the most important source of renewable energy in Switzerland today. Questions regarding its contribution towards the transformation of the energy system and the role it is to play in the future are therefore of great importance. This thematic synthesis encompasses the findings from the various NRP 70 and NRP 71 research projects that focus on a broad range of technological and economic aspects of the future use of hydropower, and formulates recommendations for its further development in Switzerland.

Market Conditions and Regulation

This thematic synthesis integrates the findings from projects which have an economic orientation. It presents in particular the anticipated impact of promotion-based and steering-based energy policies, as well as an ecological tax reform concerning innovation, energy efficiency and distribution. It will also describe how the energy market could be regulated in an optimal way to take account of energy efficiency and distribution.

Mobility Behaviour

Managing energy consumption in the transport sector is often associated with greater challenges than in other action fields. This thematic synthesis integrates the findings from projects that primarily focus on mobility behaviour. Technological innovations such as electric and autonomous vehicles or traffic management were not addressed in NRP 70 and NRP 71.